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History of the Fort King Site


Fort King was a typical U.S. Army frontier fort and a noteworthy symbol of the longest and costliest war America had with its native people – the Seminole War. Fort King is a narrative that speaks of a complicated history as relates to the occupation of the State of Florida and beyond. It is the story of a young country struggling to thrive and of native inhabitants trying to survive.

Fort King stood at the edge of where a line had been drawn. A line that divided land designated for the Seminole from land American settlers wanted for themselves. As the line was redefined, time and time again, an extensive battle ensued. From one side of the line, this was a battle intended to remove a hostile threat and to pave the way for settlers. But from the other side of the line, this was a battle against unwarranted aggression and theft of a land and way of life that had belonged to the people native to this land. Fort King’s position in the center of the state and at the northern border of the Seminole reservation made it one of the most important posts in support of the federal mandates. Throughout the war, it was commonly said, “All roads lead to Fort King.” And in fact, they did. In 1827, Colonel Duncan L. Clinch described the post’s importance as follows:

“From my knowledge of the Indian Character, I consider this post of more importance, in controlling the Indians, and in giving protection and security to the inhabitants of Florida, than any other post in the territory, as it is in the immediate vicinity of the largest number of the Florida Indians, and between them and the white inhabitants.”

Beyond its geographical and strategic location, Fort King is the site that ignited the Second Seminole War. This fort put Osceola front and center in popular culture. It is here at Fort King that Osceola was first taken captive and shamed in front of his people by the Indian Removal Agent, Wiley Thompson. It is here that he later retaliated with his attack on Fort King, killing Wiley Thompson and others. Fort King represents the entire spectrum of broad national patterns of Indian Removal policies associated with Jacksonian Democracy. Fort King also played a vital role in the birthplace of Marion County and the City of Ocala. After the war, the fort became the county seat and housed the first court house and location for public assembly in the newly formed Marion County.

Today, the reconstruction of Fort King serves as an ongoing exploration of our past, informing our understanding of historical events and how they shaped us individually and collectively.